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Eye Disease Management by Your Optometrist in Metuchen

Unfortunately, eyes are just like the rest of your body in that they can fall prey to a number of conditions. Luckily, eye disease management in Metuchen has advanced to the point where there are lots of treatment options. In Focus Eyecare serves the needs of those who require eye disease management.

woman and optometrist exam

Common Senior Eye Diseases

Collectively, these conditions may be referred to as senior eye diseases because they are more common in older people. However, they can happen to anyone at any age. Regular screening is one good reasons for everyone see their Metuchen eye doctor regularly.


Cataracts are caused by proteins in the eye clumping up and clouding the lens. The major risk factor is age, but sun exposure, smoking, certain prescription drugs, diabetes, obesity, and family history are also known contributors. The first sign of a cataract is usually blurry vision or changes in color perception. Cataracts can be completely cured by a common procedure that removes the clouded lens of the eye and replaces it.


Increased pressure in the eye is referred to as glaucoma. It is usually asymptomatic until after damage has been done, which is why it is very important to get screened for this condition by your Metuchen eye doctor regularly. Age, family history, obesity, lack of exercise, and poor diet have been implicated in glaucoma risk. Drugs, surgery and laser treatment are all used to manage the condition.

Macular Degeneration

The central portion of the retina is called the macula, and macular degeneration refers to the breakdown of this tissue. It leaves a blind spot in the middle of the person's field of view. The first sign of the condition is usually a blurry or distorted spot in your vision. The main risk factor for macular degeneration is age, but other risk factors include smoking and family history. Nutritional intervention and drugs are used to treat macular degeneration.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Uncontrolled diabetes leads to excess levels of sugar in the blood, and over time this damages the retina. Most people who have diabetes for 10 years or more have some degree of eye damage. Blurry, double, or distorted vision, floaters, and pain are some of the common symptoms. Laser treatment and drugs are used to treat diabetic retinopathy, as well as measures aimed at controlling the diabetes.

Dry Eye

At In Focus Eyecare, your Metuchen optometrist, we see lots of cases of dry eye because the condition is so common. Ironically, one of the symptoms of dry eye may be excessive eye watering, because your body is trying to make up for a lack of the right kind of tears. Other symptoms include redness, pain, blurry vision, and light sensitivity. Risk factors for dry eye include being female, wearing contact lenses, age, smoking, and certain health conditions or drugs used to treat them. Your Metuchen eye doctor may use drugs, surgery, or special contacts to treat dry eye.

Screening for Eye Disease by Your Metuchen Optometrist

One of the things that In Focus Eyecare can do for you is provide regular screening for various senior eye diseases. Screening is key to preventing these conditions from progressing, so even if you don't have any symptoms, you shouldn't skip that routine eye exam! Your Metuchen eye doctor is your best resource for learning about any eye conditions you might have and how to treat them. To get help from In Focus Eyecare, or to schedule your routine exam, call 732-549-3555.